LO SCHIAVO, Aldo (born 1934), philosophy historian. Graduated in Jurisprudence at the Università di Bologna and in Philosophy at the Università “La Sapienza” in Rome, a manager at the Ministry of Education, inspector for the teaching of philosophy, and redactor for the Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani. Following his radical criticism studies on Gentile-esque idealism (which his 1968 essay La religione nel pensiero di G. Gentile, “La Culture”, also refers to), he has devoted his research to Greek philosophy from Pre-Socratics to Plato, starting from examining the contribution of archaic myth to the birth of ancient rationalism.